Friday, 30 January 2015

LIGHTHOUSES

Lighthouses: interesting facts


lighthouses
Lighthouse - a place where flash and a moment later the light fades and it is repeated again and again. Ever since the days of one of the eight wonders of the world Lighthouse of Alexandria facilities, sending beams of light into the darkness, become a guiding compass for sailors and an object of delight for tourists. In light of the use of modern means of navigation beacons as part of the navigation device slightly decreased, and today the number of functioning lighthouses won all continents does not exceed one thousand five hundred. Site " out of town "prepared for you the most interesting facts about these magical plants.
lighthouses
The most famous incident associated with lighthouses, was the mysterious disappearance of three keepers of the lighthouse on the island Flannan early winter 1900.
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The entire coastline of France is not indicated flashing lights right up to the XVII century, in order to avoid attacks by pirates.
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In 1867, in the heart of the mountains Sekirnaya Big Solovetsky Island Ascension Church was built and is now operating, the church-lighthouse.
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On the western frontier, Russia is the most extreme lighthouse, built in 1813-1816 in the towns of the Baltic. He still shows the way ships proceeding in the direction of Kaliningrad, the Baltic and bright.
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The lighthouse is also depicted on the banknotes, for example Westerlichttoren (Westerlichttoren) was depicted on Dutch banknotes in denominations of 250 guilders.
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The very first lighthouse was officially registered in the city of Alexandria Lighthouse, built in 200 BC on the island of Foros Egyptian monarch Ptolemy (Ptolemy). Foros Island Lighthouse is one of the most famous wonders of the world. Its height is 150 meters - that's about three times higher than the height of modern lighthouses.
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In the days of the Roman Empire built many lighthouses to facilitate navigation his troops. In the 90 AD by the emperor Caligula (Caligula) lighthouse was built in Dover, Britain. This lighthouse, located at the base of Dover Castle is the oldest lighthouse in England.
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The tallest lighthouse on the planet height of 75 m, which corresponds to 246 feet, was built in 1543 of brick, Lanterna (Lanterna) in Genoa.
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The world's first lighthouse made of stone is considered Smeaton Eddystone, located in the southern part of England near Plymouth ,. It was built by the father of town planning in England in 1756 by John Smeatonom. It was for lighting 24 candles. Eddystone stood for 47 years until was not destroyed by fire, after which it was dismantled and moved to a nearby rock.
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Today in modern lighthouses used high-pressure xenon lamp intensity fire which is about twenty million candles.
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The largest lighthouse in the world in height 106 meters (348 feet), .postroili in Yokohama, and it is a steel tower in the park Yamashita (Yamashita).
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The famous Statue of Liberty in the period from 1886 to 1902 was used as well as the lighthouse.
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